Facial trauma can encompass several different injuries, including soft tissue damage, fractures, and injuries. Trauma can occur to any part of the face, including the jaw, mouth, nose, eye orbits, and forehead. The face is a very delicate structure, full of nerves, blood vessels, muscles, connective tissue, cartilage, and bone. It is highly vascular, which is why facial injuries tend to bleed more than a similar injury in another area of the body.
Some of the most common causes of facial trauma may include:
- Vehicle accidents
- Industrial accidents
- Domestic accidents
- Sports injuries
The most common facial injuries occur to the nose and nasal area. These account for as many as 36% of all facial traumas. The orbital (eye) area is the second most common injury site with 33.5%, followed by the skull at 30.5%, maxillary (upper jaw) injuries at 12.5%, and mandibular (lower jaw) trauma at 7.2%. Additionally, localized areas such as the cheek and space between the eyes comprise a small percentage of facial injuries as well.
If you have questions about facial trauma, please call us at (406) 727-4322.